1. pewresearch:

Key facts you need to know about the gender pay gap.


    Key facts you need to know about the gender pay gap.

  2. Hopping like a jackrabbit between genres and media, including forays into the swamps of pop culture, Nelson is strongest when at her most rageful, writing with controlled fury at the anti-­intellectualism and crassness of the present. She has no time for fake populism, she’s an unabashed cultural elitist: withering about reality TV, Lars von Trier and the middlebrow brutality dispenser Neil LaBute (whose plays she calls “sophomoric” and “weak-minded”). She employs herself as a registering instrument, constantly taking her aesthetic temperature: “I felt angry. Then I felt disgusted. Finally, I felt bored.” These reports have a phenomenological brio, laced with physiological detail. She recalls “a kind of vibrating memory of the unnerving psychic state” induced by the video art of Ryan Trecartin. About a Yoko Ono piece, she writes: “I long to see Ono’s clothes fall, to see her breasts bared. Yet I also feel a mounting sense of alarm, empathy and injustice in watching her body be made vulnerable.” She likes art that makes her morally uncomfortable, and from the laudatory way she quotes Kafka — “What we need are books that hit us like a most painful misfortune” — I assume she wishes to induce the same state in her readers. Often she does, moving at breakneck speed from real-life political violence to the images of such violence (including those on human rights Web sites), to real violence in performance art (Chris Burden asking a friend to shoot him; Marina Abramovic inviting viewers to injure her), to the violent impulses of artists like Bacon.

    — Book Review - The Art of Cruelty - By Maggie Nelson - NYTimes.com

  3. BOMB Magazine (http://bombmagazine.org/article/10019/matthew-barney-and-gaspar-no)

    Matthew Barney: I’ve got another question for you. Why do you think so many brutally violent films are being made in France?
    Gaspar Noe: In France? Just because they are, or were, easier to finance here, I guess.
    MB: Is that all?
    GN: The French are not softer or harder than any other country. There’s an even stronger tradition of cruelty in Japanese cinema compared to European film. And among the Europeans, the Germans tend to top the French, Spanish, or Nordic countries when it comes to S&M or hardcore gay sex or things like that in real life. But mostly, when you make a movie, you need money.

  4. This book is the result of three conferences held in Uruguay, Paraguay, and El Salvador, to discuss the role of public television in Latin America. The role of public media is making a major readjustment. Worldwide, there is reflection on what should take place in the pluralistic media system that a democratic society must build and nurture. The objective of this book is to identify those formulas that, beyond their theoretical conception, serve in practice — because they are already operating in countries of the region — as an example to make public television comply with the basic mission it shares with the rest of public media to inform, educate and entertain, and to do so because of the autonomy, economic sustainability and quality of its content. The book begins with a historical survey of public television beginning in London. Chapter 2 defines what public television is. Chapter 3 details the various types of programs found on public television. Chapters 4 and 5 explain who controls public TV, and how it is financed. Chapter 6 predicts what the future of public TV will hold, and Chapter 7 concludes with a global proposal for Latin American public media.

    — Cajas Magicas : El renacimiento de la television publica en America Latina (Spanish) | The World Bank

  5. Last Saturday, the 15th of March, Akram Zaatari and Rana Zincir engaged on a very inspiring conversation around the prolific artistic production of Akram Zaatari. Rana Zincir wrote 6 words on postcards and let Zaatari choose among them and then talk about what they mean for him and his artistic production: Longing, peace, chronicle, resistance, artifacts and finally history were the words… But other words also came forward such as memory, archeology, conflict, identities, documentation and photography…


    Akram Zaatari reflected on Rana Zincir’s word puzzle! | Boğaziçi Chronicles

    Kind of brilliant approach to sparking a conversation. Stealing that forthwith…

  6. The American Civil Liberties Union has released a draft report for consultation, entitled ‘Privacy Rights in the Digital Age’, which drew on research work done by Oxford Pro Bono Publico (OPBP). The report observes the development of communications technology and government capacity to intrude on privacy rights - and calls on the United Nations Human Rights Committee to issue a new General Comment on the right to privacy under Article 17 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The report contains a draft General Comment for consideration. Oxford students provided comparative law research on surveillance, data retention, and the right to privacy - and contributed to the draft General Comment. It is hoped that this cutting-edge research, and the final report, will help to inform the United Nations Human Rights Committee as it considers how to respond to recent revelations about global surveillance.

    — Oxford Human Rights Hub:: Hub News

  7. Regardless of how you feel about facial recognition technology—is it a big time saver or a total privacy violator or both?—it’s here. Right now, military-grade technology is at work, watching who’s going in and out of buildings around the world. It’s also more easily accessible than ever. One of the most appealing things about the system is that it works with almost any existing security system. You just install the software and start spotting faces.

    — This Facial Recognition Software Signals the End of the Security Guard | Gizmodo UK

  8. Billed as an effort to break up Mexico’s notorious telecommunications and broadcast monopolies, the law covers a broad range of electronic communications issues [es] — and treads heavily in human rights territory. At the behest of the “competent” authorities, the law authorizes telecommunications companies to “block, inhibit, or eliminate” communications services “at critical moments for public and national security.” The law also authorizes Internet service providers to offer service packages that “respond to market demands” and differentiating in “capacity, speed, and quality” – a measure that could preclude protections for net neutrality in the country. To top it off, security measures in the law would allow authorities to track user activity in real time using geolocation tools, without obtaining prior court approval.

    — Netizen Report: Telecom Reforms in Mexico Smack of Authoritarian Past - Global Voices Advocacy

  9. Privacy And Security Settings in Chrome | noncombatant →

    Step-by-step guide to strengthening your Privacy And Security Settings in Chrome.

  10. Illustrations for Heart of Darkness, by Matt Kish (via http://hyperallergic.com/115362/art-of-darkness-matt-kish-illustrates-conrads-classic/)

    Illustrations for Heart of Darkness, by Matt Kish (via http://hyperallergic.com/115362/art-of-darkness-matt-kish-illustrates-conrads-classic/)

  11. (via Advocates Hail Brazil’s “Bill of Rights for the Internet” - Global Voices Advocacy)

    (via Advocates Hail Brazil’s “Bill of Rights for the Internet” - Global Voices Advocacy)

  12. Today survivor testimony is almost exclusively video testimony. Even if this change seems like a minor one (in sync with that from radio to TV and Internet), what matters is the act of witnessing in the communicative context of the electronic media: The visibility bestowed by video ensures the formal “audiencing” of the survivors and consolidates a larger move by them into the public consciousness. Yet testimony at this point also makes us more aware of the interviewer. By 1980 the survivor interviews are no longer standard debriefings, as in the immediate postwar years. They now serve principally both present and past: the present, by assisting the witnesses to retrieve and deal with memories that still burden, consciously or unconsciously, family life; the past, in that guarantees are needed, as the eyewitness generation passes from the scene, that what they endured will not be forgotten. “The mission that has devolved to testimony,” according to Annette Wieviorka (a major French historian who coordinated Yale’s taping in France ), “is no longer to bear witness to inadequately known events but rather to keep them before our eyes. Testimony is to be a means of transmission to future generations.”

    This does not mean, of course, that this mission/transmission is without problems. Much has been written about secondary trauma: that is, how some of the effects of trauma suffered by the parents in the Holocaust were involuntarily transferred to the children of their new, post-Holocaust families. (To try and ignore this psychoanalytic issue is a bit like ignoring climate change.) But to give a more common and poignant example of what Wieviorka means by keeping the events, now mainly (if still not quite adequately) known, before our eyes, let me instance an episode from one of the earliest of the Yale tapes in which a survivor describes an incident in Poland during a deportation. When the survivor’s grandmother, an old woman with a broken leg not quite healed, tries to climb into a cart but is too weak to do it by herself, asks in Polish for help, a German soldier nearby says, “Yes, I’ll help you,” takes a gun from his holster, and kills her.

    Her grandson, describing this episode, breaks down. He cries, or rather tries not to, contorting his face in a painful, gnawing motion that forces out the words “I’ve seen it.” When he is calm again, one of the interviewers asks him, very hesitantly, whether he could tell what moved him most (or what made him cry at this point in the interview) and whether he had also cried at the time it happened.

    The two conjoined questions, though they seem intrusive at first, are, important. The answer to the second question is that he did not cry then, because he was “petrified.” The answer to the first is also simple but strikes me as wonderfully strong, because it comes so close to the agony that preceded it. He cried now because of “the inhumanity: someone asks for help, and that help is expressed as a killing action.”

    — I’m currently editing a report that addresses in part the issue of vicarious or secondary trauma for those watching graphic footage in order to establish its veracity. I’m struggling to find many absolutely pertinent sources on the specific nature of the trauma engendered by watching abuses or traumatic footage on screen (maybe that’s my own poor research), but then I came across this article, which, once I began it, I had to finish in its entirety.

  13. The article explores the concept of “witness” by looking at the history and tradition of giving testimony in three contexts, legal history, religion, and literary narrative, with the goal of situating lawyers within these traditions. The author’s interest in the topic was prompted by years of frustration with the circumscribed role of lawyers in the judicial system’s truth-telling enterprise and, more profoundly, by concerns with lawyers’ restrained capacity to shape truth in the larger, social-cultural sense. The question asked, therefore, is whether lawyers, who are positioned to witness (as in “behold”) so much about society, and have the social authority to witness (as in “attest”) to what they have seen, have an obligation, or at least a right, to speak. If so, what are the parameters of this role, what are its roots, and what is the nature of the discursive practice?

    — "Witness" by Nancy L. Cook

  14. (via What women want on the dance floor, according to science)

    (via What women want on the dance floor, according to science)

  15. The ability to buy small amounts of prepaid calling time had enabled the very poor in many countries to gain access to mobile phones. In Latin America, however, high taxes on communication services impedes some of that access, with a typical broadband plan costing 66% more than in the average developed country. In Asia, meanwhile, a low-cost business model has driven high mobile use.

    Across the developing world, potential emergencies consistently rank high on surveys as the main reason for buying a phone. Many developing countries lack the standard emergency services found in developed countries. In the absence of such a service, people call a family member or a friend for help in a crisis.

    For businesses, saving time and money on transportation has emerged as the greatest economic benefit of mobile phone ownership. Meanwhile, “mobile money” has gained in popularity, suiting the needs of the poor better than conventional banking.

    — Laurent Elder: The Information Lives of the Poor | Ottawa Citizen, introducing the new book he has co-authored with Alison Gillwald, Rohan Samarajiva and Hernan Galperin.